OUP, England ()  Schmidt-Schauß, M., Smolka, G.: Attributive concept descriptions with compliments. AI 48(1), 1–26 ()  Segerberg, K.: A note. Sattler, U.: Description logics for the representation of aggregated objects. Schmidt-Schauß, M., Smolka, G.: Attributive concept descriptions with compliments. A core AL-based description logic is the Attributive (Concept) Language with Complements (ALC), in which, unlike AL, the complement of any concept is allowed.
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A predicate is the completer of a sentence. The subject names the “do-er” or “be-er” of the sentence; the predicate does the rest of the work.
A simple predicate consists of only a verb, verb string, or compound verb:. A complete predicate consists of the verb and all accompanying modifiers and other words that receive the action of a transitive verb or complete its meaning. The following description of predicates comes from The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers examples our own:. Morton,” and learn all about subjects and simple predicates from Scholastic Rock.
Direct and Indirect Objects A direct object is the receiver of action complimenst a sentence, as in “He hit the ball. In that sentence, “daughter” is the direct object and “Natasha” is the object complement, which renames or describes the direct object.
The indirect object identifies to or for whom or what cncept action of the verb is performed. The direct object and indirect object are different people or places or things. The direct objects in the sentences below are in boldface ; the indirect objects are in italics. Incidentally, the word me and similar object-form pronouns such as him, us, them is not always an indirect object; it will also serve, sometimes, as a direct object. In English, nouns and their accompanying modifiers articles and adjectives do not change form when they are used as objects or indirect objects, as they do in many other languages.
This is not true of pronounshowever, which use different forms for different functions. He [subject] loves his grandmother.
His grandmother loves him [object]. See, also, pronoun cases. Since this page is about the completers of thoughts, it is appropriate to include a brief description of complements.
A complement notice the spelling of the word is any word or phrase that completes the sense of a subjectan objector a verb. As you will see, the terminology describing predicates and complements can overlap and be a bit concepr.
Students are attriburive wise to learn one set of terms, withh both. Adjective complements are also called predicate adjectives ; noun complements are also called predicate nouns or predicate nominatives. See predicatesabove. Ramsay Fowler and Jane E. Predicates A predicate is the completer of a sentence. A simple predicate consists of only a verb, verb string, or compound verb: The glacier has been melting. The glacier melted, broke apart, and slipped into the sea.
A compound predicate consists of two concfpt more such predicates connected: The glacier began to slip down the mountainside and eventually crushed some of the village’s outlying buildings. The following description of predicates comes from The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers examples our own: With an intransitive verbobjects and complements are included in the predicate. The glacier is melting. With a transitive verbobjects and object complements are said to be part of the predicate.
The slow moving glacier wiped out an entire forest. It gave the villagers a lot of problems.
Attributive Concept Descriptions with Complements – Semantic Scholar
With a linking verbthe subject is connected to a subject complement. The mayor doesn’t feel good.
A predicate adjective follows a linking verb and tells us something about the subject: His behavior has been outrageous. That garbage on the street smells bad. A predicate nominative follows a linking verb and tells us what the subject is: Couchworthy is acting president of the university.
She used to be the tallest girl on the team. They named attributivr daughter Natasha.
Attributive Concept Descriptions with Complements
The instructor gave his students A’s. Grandfather left Rosalita and Raoul all his money. Jo-Bob sold me her boat. Complements Since this page is about the completers of thoughts, it is appropriate to include a brief description of complements.
A subject complement follows a linking verb ; it is normally an adjective or a noun that renames or defines in some way the subject. A glacier is a huge body of ice.
Glaciers are beautiful and potentially dangerous at the same time. This glacier is not yet fully formed. An object complement follows and modifies or refers to dwscriptions direct object. It can be a noun or adjective or any word acting as a noun or adjective.
The convention named Dogbreath Vice President to keep him happy. The noun “Vice President” complements the direct object “Dogbreath”; the adjective “happy” complements the object “him. The participle “excited” complements the object “children. Granny left Raoul all her money. Both “money” [the direct object] and “Raoul” [the indirect object] are said to be the verb complements of this sentence.